Medical-surgical nursing is the nursing care of adult patients whose conditions or disorders are treated medically, pharmacologically, or surgically. It is basically the study of the care and nursing of the sick patients who are ill. Some diseases respond to medical treatment, say cardiac arrhythmias. Some diseases require surgical intervention, say appendicitis, or cholelithiases. General surgery is a huge field and includes many different procedures from thyroidectomies to major bowel surgery.
Gyne surgery is another specialty as is urology. Orthopedic surgery yet another. Medical nursing is not an area to know much about. Illnesses there often involve the heart and lungs, kidney disease, infections but certainly aren’t limited to these. These diseases are most often treated with medications and it can be a real challenge figuring out how to best treat people to maximize recovery with minimal side effects.
Psychiatric mental health nursing is a specialty in nursing. Psychiatric nursing or mental health nursing is the appointed position of a nurse that specializes in mental health and cares for people of all ages experiencing mental illnesses or distress. These include schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, mood disorders, anxiety disorders, personality disorders, eating disorders, suicidal thoughts, psychosis, paranoia, and self-harm. Nurses in this area receive specific training in psychological therapies, building a therapeutic alliance, dealing with challenging behavior, and the administration of psychiatric medication.